Sardinia also has a lot to offer culturally and historically. Impressive are the Nuraghi, conical towers, which date back to the Bronze Age and probably served as fortified and fortress towers. Phoenicians founded around 900 to 700 BC. first cities, including today’s capital Cagliari, then called Karali.
It flourished under the Romans. The Roman amphitheater is definitely worth a visit, but the medieval Castello district, museums and churches attract many tourists. In fact, Sardinia is surprised by the large number of churches.
Particularly striking are the striped outer walls of some Romanesque churches built in the Pisan style with variously colored stone blocks, such as the Church of Santissima Trinità di Saccargia, located between Sassari and Olbia.
One of the best-known coastal areas is the Costa Smeralda with the exclusive resort of Porto Cervo near Olbia in the north of the island. The mountainous interior of Sardinia invites to excursions or hikes. High plateaus, table mountains, volcanic cones and deep gorges form the retreat area of many rare animal species. The highest altitudes are reached in the Gennargentu massif.
Among the mountains and along the coasts there are countless caves and caves, some of which can also be visited. The Grotta di Nettuno on the cliffs of the Capo Caccia and the Grotta di Ispinigoli near Dorgali are particularly worth seeing due to their dripstone formations.